## Ask and Bid Price - Definition, Example, How it Works in Trading

What is Ask and Bid Price?
Ask and bid price are the collective figures that describe the current price at which a security can be sold or bought. Traders always keep an eye on them and the difference between them to understand the overall value of a commodity

Definition of Ask and Bid Price
The ask price in forex refers to the minimum price at which the seller of a security will sell it. The bid price is the maximum price a buyer is willing to pay for acquiring a security. An offer between the two occurs only when both agree to the prices set by the other. Traders cannot sell a security immediately after buying it at the same price because there is a sizable difference between the two values.

A spread is simply the difference between the bid vs ask price. It indicated the liquidity of an asset. The security will be more liquid in nature if the difference between the ask price vs bid price is smaller. A larger spread represents a higher risk in trading a security. As the asking price and bid prices are constantly changing, so is the spread.

How are Ask and Bid Price Calculated?
The market decides the ask price and the bid price of a commodity. They are determined by the asking and selling prices set forward by traders in the market in the past. The spread is the difference between the two. The illustrative image below demonstrates the calculation of the spread percentage: For example, if the bid price is \$9 and the asking price is \$10, the spread would be \$1. The percentage of the spread will be 10%.

What Are Examples of Ask and Bid Price?

A bid ask price example can be seen in the market every day. If the bid/ask rate is \$10/\$12, buying 10 securities would cost you \$120 while selling them right away would earn you \$100. You will incur a loss of \$20. Traders often wait for the prices to change and invest in securities whose prices they expect to change in the future based on historical data and trend forecasts. Now, say, the bid price increases to \$ 15 after the trader purchased it \$12. Selling the 10 securities at the new bid price will earn the trader \$150 and a profit of \$30.

How Are Ask and Bid Price Set?
As discussed above, both the bid and the ask prices are set by the market in advance. They are constantly changing in value so you need to keep an eye to take advantage of the fluctuations in the spread. There are two factors that determine the bid and ask rate: volume of trade and market volatility. Securities exchanged in large volumes will have smaller spreads and more consistent bid and ask rates. Similarly, volatile market conditions will lead to wider spreads and inconsistent prices.